Brigadier and Lieutenant Richard Gifford, 1727 (c)

Bartholomew Dandridge

Brigadier and Lieutenant Richard Gifford, 1727 (c)
4 0 c m
actual image size: 26cm x 32cm

Brigadier and Lieutenant Richard Gifford, 4th Troop of Horse Guards, 1727 (c).

Oil on canvas by Bartholomew Dandridge (1691-1755 (c)), 1727 (c).

The son of John Gifford of Salisbury, Richard Gifford was granted a commission as sub-brigadier and eldest cornet in the 4th Troop of Horse Guards on 7 April 1710. The regiment had been created by King James II in September 1686 to strengthen the Roman Catholic element of his Army but, under his Protestant successors, William III and Mary II, it had been replaced by the Dutch Troop of Guards. It was revived in 1709 during the reign of Queen Anne, and finally disbanded in 1746, together with the 3rd Troop.

Gifford was appointed regimental adjutant in 1711 and in 1716 he married Jane Carr, from Newcastle-upon-Tyne. On 20 November 1722 he was promoted to the rank of brigadier and lieutenant, which was renewed in 1727 when George II acceded to the throne. This unusual combination of ranks was contrived so as to give the officers of the 'Royal Household' regiments superiority over other army officers. Gifford's connections with the Household Cavalry are reinforced in the painting by the kettle drummer and trumpeters in the background who wear Household Cavalry state dress.

Image Details

Negative No.
Accession No.
NAM. 1987-04-6-1

© National Army Museum Copyright
Purchased with the generous assistance of the National Art Collections Fund.

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